Sunday, April 6, 2014

Mrs Austen

Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 31-60993

Is this Anne Austen nee Wilcox?

Auckland Libraries has a database of over 100,000 images called "Heritage Images on Line" - it is a marvelous resource!

A search on it for "Austen" brings up this image of "Mrs Austen".  The image was taken by Herman Schmidt 1872-1959 an Auckland photographer and is dated 1910.

In 1910 Anne Austen was living in Nelson Street, Auckland, at the home of her daughter Mary Jane Ward. She was a widow, aged about 68. 

We have very few images of the Austen family and none of the Captain. Sadly there do not seem to be any family albums. 

We cannot be sure this is Anne but in the photograph she is wearing a small "anchor" brooch - very suitable for the widow of Master Mariner. 

Her calm and lovely face looks like a woman who has lived and loved well. We do hope she is "ours"

And there is a strong family resemblance to descendants of both the Wilcox and Austen families.

A Wilcox descendant

Mary Jane Ward
An Austen descendant

The library's collection of around 26,000 glass plate negatives taken by Schmidt was saved from the attic of a building about to be demolished in Queen Street, Auckland. This may account for the damage to the image. 

Sunday, March 16, 2014

The Wilcox Family

John Austen's wife was Anne Wilcox. She was born in Somerset about 1842 to Hannah and James Wilcox and came to New Zealand, according to her death certificate, when she was one year old. 
In the early days of New Zealand it was not required that babies be registered but we know Anne had a sister - Elizabeth who was born  around 1843. And we have a record for a brother John Bailey Wilcox,  his baptism is entered in the St Paul's, Auckland Baptism Registry. He was born on the 29th November 1844. There may have been two other sisters - Hannah and Susan.

James Wilcox was a labourer and is listed in the Auckland Police Cenus of 1845, there is also a land record in the Auckland Archives - 4 acres applied for by James Willcox, 1847.
He died in 1861.

Anne's sister Elizabeth married Samuel Churches in 1863 and gave birth to Edward George in 1866 and Charlotte Annie in 1867. Elizabeth died in 1867 possibly giving birth to her daughter.

Hannah is listed as living in Parnell in 1870 when she registered the birth of Anne's daughter, but by 1871 she had died of TB.
There was a death notice for her in the New Zealand Herald 23 June 1871 which read:

 WILCOX - At Bath Street, Parnell, Mrs J. Wilcox, aged 56 years. The funeral will leave Mr Geo Keogh's residence, Panmure, on Saturday, the 24th inst., at 3 p.m. Friends please accept this invitation. 
The George Keogh mentioned is, we believe, an old family friend of the Wilcox's - both families came from Somerset. His daughter Mary Ann was married to Joseph Churches, Samuel's brother.

And in another twist there is a crew list for the Reliance (John Austen Captain and owner) when she entered Sydney on 4 November 1867. On board were  Samuel Churches - Cook and Steward from Somerset and John Wilcox A.B. (able bodied seaman) from New Zealand.

The Reliance was shipwrecked on the 22nd April 1868. It is not known whether these relatives of Anne's were on that journey too.

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

A sea-faring family

This is a record of a voyage on the Sussex Lass in 1847 - on board were 3 members of the Austen family - father and two sons.
John Austen snr. aged 54 is described as "Mate" - he left the ship "hurt" on 22 November 1847 in Rye.
John Austen jnr. aged 24 is described as "seaman" - he was discharged from the ship on the 31st Dec 1847 in Rye.
George Austen aged 28 is described as "mate" and he left the ship on the 31st Dec 1847 in Rye.

John's last English journey (we have a record for) is arriving in London on the Maderia Pet on the 6th January 1854.
On the 11th May 1855 John purchased a 32nd share in the schooner Christina in Auckland, New Zealand.
We don't yet know how he got to New Zealand.

Saturday, January 25, 2014

Rye, Sussex

Pump Street, Rye

According to the 1841 UK census the Austen household comprised: 

John age 50, mariner
Mary age 55
Caroline age 19
Anne age 24  
John age 17 

They lived in Pump Street - possibly in this house. 

Also listed as living in the dwelling were  John Ward (39), Eliz (36), James (2) and John (9).

Pump Street is adjacent to the church of St Mary the Virgin. The water house or cistern that gives the street it's name was erected in the churchyard in 1735 to increase water supply to the township. 

The Austen children were baptised in St Mary's church, Mary Anne in 1816, George in 1819, Carline in 1822 and John in 1824.